As occupational therapy celebrates its centennial in 2017, attention returns to the profession’s founding belief in the value of therapeutic occupations as a way to remediate illness and maintain health. The founders emphasized the importance of establishing a therapeutic relationship with each client and designing an intervention plan based on the knowledge about a client’s context and environment, values, goals, and needs. Using today’s lexicon, the profession’s founders proposed a vision for the profession that was occupation based, client centered, and evidence based–the vision articulated in the third edition of the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process.
The Framework is a must-have official document from the American Occupational Therapy Association. Intended for occupational therapy practitioners and students, other health care professionals, educators, researchers, payers, and consumers, the Framework summarizes the interrelated constructs that describe occupational therapy practice. In addition to the creation of a new preface to set the tone for the work, this new edition includes the following highlights: a redefinition of the overarching statement describing occupational therapy’s domain; a new definition of clients that includes persons, groups, and populations; further delineation of the profession’s relationship to organizations; inclusion of activity demands as part of the process; and even more up-to-date analysis and guidance for today’s occupational therapy practitioners.
Achieving health, well-being, and participation in life through engagement in occupation is the overarching statement that describes the domain and process of occupational therapy in the fullest sense. The Framework can provide the structure and guidance that practitioners can use to meet this important goal.